SEA FISHING: TECHNIQUES FOR EVERY SITUATION

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L’été est un moment propice pour pratiquer la pêche en bord de mer. Le soleil, les vacances, la détente… autant de bonnes raisons de se rendre près de l’eau. Mais quelle technique peut-on pratiquer ? Quels poissons doit-on rechercher et où ? Avec quel type de matériel ? Que vous soyez débutant ou plus autonome dans la pratique de la pêche, nous vous donnons nos conseils pour réussir et prendre du plaisir durant vos sorties d’été. 
 

FISHING WITH A FLOAT FROM THE SHORE

A telescopic coarse angling rod with a line assembly and a small worm are all you need for fishing in harbour along the quayside. Sheltered from wind and current, you can use small floats which make it easy to spot bites.

 

# Caperlan tip: You can use your freshwater coarse angling gear for this precision fishing. Just don’t forget to wash your line assembly in fresh water to stop your float and hook oxidising.

 

As with freshwater fishing, using bait is very effective and boosts the number of bites considerably. You can use bait specifically intended for sea fishing like GOOSTER 4X4 Sea. Equally, you could choose dry breadcrumbs mixed with sardine oil, which is a good mixture for fishing fry. For effective baiting, choose still water if possible.  

 
Pêche bord de mer

You can also fish using a rod support, letting your float drift in the water. This allows you to go for bigger fish like sea bream or even bass. Obviously you’ll need a more substantial line than for fry.

 

Use a 30/100 leader if you’re hoping for big fish on the bottom. For a more precise approach, use a 20/100 leader. A 35/100 main line will be suitable for a variety of situations.

 

For bait, you have a wide choice: hard, semi-soft, shrimp, crab or even small fish like sand eel. Big mouthfuls are fine! Your bait will attract more fish and stand up better to the attacks of the fry. Don’t worry about whether it’s too big to take, sea fish have very large mouths.

 

SPIKE/ROD SUPPORT FISHING FOR SPARIDAE: SEA BREAM (VARIOUS KINDS)

 

Sea bream are some of the most sought-after fish on the coast, for both their beauty and their willingness to fight. They can be fished from the shore using simple kit and techniques, even by novices. Along a seawall or rocky jetty, all you do is wedge a 3 – 4m rod in place with a spike or rod support. A ready-assembled rod kit is fine for starting with this technique, and for catching fish. A simple rig arrangement has a sliding sinker, the weight of which is governed by the depth and the current (30 – 50g approx.).

 

The leader, in fluorocarbon for less visibility, should be 1 – 1.5m long. Hooks should be round and “extra-heavy” to survive in the sea breams’ powerful jaws.  

 

Fishing from the shore in this way, you don’t need a long cast because the fish tend to hug the coast. This means you can use all kinds of bait, like crab, marine worms or even mussels, which the gilthead bream just loves!

 

SURFCASTING

This more skilled technique is used from the beach with 4 – 5m approx. rods. The longer rods allow you to cast the line above the waves and put the rig well out. The rods are then supported on spikes while you wait for bites. On the Mediterranean coast, light surfcasting assemblies are used (60 – 120g), while on the Atlantic, heavier ones (100 – 250g) are necessary. 
 
Bord de mer surfcasting

Getting a good long cast is essential if you’re after bass or sea bream. To find out more about surfcasting, click here.

 

SHORE FISHING WITH LURES 

 

This involves casting and retrieving lures (minnows, soft lures, metal lures) from the shore. It’s a recreational way to fish from almost anywhere (harbour, seawall, beach, coastal rocks…). It’s also likely to get you a wide variety of fish species. You should look out for moving water, because the fish love to hunt where it’s rough.

 

As you’re shore fishing, you should choose 2.4 – 3m rods in order to get a sufficiently long cast. A size 3000 reel is suitable. We’d advise a braid for better control of the lure and a better “feel” for bites. For minimum visibility, a fluorocarbon leader is preferable.

 

A soft lure like a shad, a minnow which produces a lot of vibration, or even a spoon, lets you test out a large area of water to find active fish.

 

ROCKFISHING: ANOTHER WAY TO FISH WITH LURES 

This use of lures from the shore involves ultra-light kit and small lures. Special rods allow you to detect the slightest sign of a bite because of the long, very slender, rod tip. The lures are also tiny. This recreational fishing style attracts small rock fish like gobies, scorpion fish, sea bream or sea predators like bass.

bord de mer rockfishing canne
 
 

The rockfishing rod’s slender tip lets you detect the lightest bite.  

 

The main line is usually a fine braid (less than 10/100) to detect the smallest bite. Reel size varies from 1000 – 2000.

 

As for the lure, anything small is worth trying, but small soft lures like Shad or Finesse are very reliable.

 

Why not share your summer catch with the world’s fishermen using our hashtag #Caperlan See you soon at the seaside!

 
 
 
 
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Good post!


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